Historic liberty style mansion, Villa Camilla was designed in 1908 by the architect Vincenzo Pilotti and used to be the summer residence of Camilla Pasini, the renowned soprano singer, who was the celebrated first Musetta in Giacomo Puccini's opera La Boheme.
Today Villa Camilla, with its splendid secular park, commands from its watching tower and terraces, a sweeping view of the Tordino valley that runs all over Teramo countryside, from the Gran Sasso peaks and Monti della Laga Park down to the Adriatic sea.
From the architectural point of view, the villa takes its place in the group of Italian modernism, and more generally from the new European Liberty vernacular.
Villa Camilla, although having a certain uniqueness to its style, is one among the proliferation of suburban villas that were built in Italy during the 1900's , including in Abruzzo, in the vicinity of the then new holiday resorts of Castellamare, Pescara, Roseto, Giulianova and others.
The tower element, with its large decorated windows, becomes the centrepiece of all these buildings, a nearly fairy-castle theme within the proportion and boundaries of the bourgeois villa.
In Villa Camilla the presence of curved lines is evident in elements such as: the cut of the windows in the parlor floor, the tower, the design of the fixtures, while the decoration of the facade express a more rigid geometric shape.
The villa is composed of:
a basement floor ( approx. 450 sq.mt.),
a parlor floor (approx. 400 sq.mt.) with its large windowed grand salon overlooking the historic park,
the watching tower 80 sq.mt. and the huge terrace 200 sq.mt.
The park, approx. 3.000 sq.mt. , arranged on two levels, linked with the villa with a splendid staircase, exhibits various types of plants, including some impressive secular pine trees, already present before the villa was constructed.
Contiguous to the villa is a plot of land (15.000 sq.mt.) cultivated with 200 olive trees. Thanks to a good mild climate, results of the proximity to the sea and the mountain and a favourable exposition, the optimal climate condition guarantee an excellent extra virgin olive oil every year. Pear, apple, almond and many other fruit bearing trees are present as well.
THE ARCHITECT - Vincenzo Pilotti
Vincenzo Pilotti is an important figure of the 1900?s Italian architecture. University lecturer at the University of Pisa, e collaborated closely in the first period of his career, with the painter Adolfo De Carolis , with whim he planned the new great hall in the university ?La Sapenza? in Rome, and the tomb in Torre del Lago, for his close friend Giacomo Puccini. Later on he operated between Rome, Ascoli Piceno and Teramo and participated to many important national and international architecture competitions with Liberty Villas projects all along the Adriatic shoreline.
In his late twenties, Pilotti had the great opportunity of his life, the real architect's dream. He was instructed by the municipality of Pescara to draw the project for the entire area where the Government Buildings were planned to be.
Pilotti's more remarkable works:
Villa Camilla (1908), Muzzi's house (1908), Convitto Melchiorre Delfico (1912-34), General Post Office (1924) in Teramo.
University La Sapienza in Rome
Villa Puccini 1919 (today Puccini Museum) in Viareggio
Puccini's Tomb (1924) Torre del Lago Lucca.
Town hall with bell tower (1928) , Province Building (1927), Littorio Bridge (1929) In Pescara.
Olimpia Cinema, Cloister of San Francesco, the fountain, the church and the bridge of Porta Maggiore in Ascoli Piceno.
In 50 years of activity the architect Vincenzo Pilotti, executed over five hundreds plans, many completed , but as many remained only on paper.